Preparatory teaching for basic education
- Public service
Preparatory teaching is provided for children and young people who are not proficient enough in Finnish language to study in a group taught in Finnish. The preparatory teaching groups teach the Finnish language as well as different school subjects based on the students’ skills levels
Preparatory teaching is offered only up to one year. The student will transition to groups taught in Finnish as early on as possible for subjects where they can get by with rudimentary language skills. When a student has adequate language skills, he or she can transition to basic education to a grade that suits their age and skill level. In Vantaa, all students of preparatory teaching in the first-grade study inclusively in the general education groups.
Regional coordinators meet with the families that have immigrated into Finland and fill in the application together with the families, offering guidance in the matter.
To whom and on what terms
Instruction preparing for basic education may be given to pupils with an immigrant background whose Finnish and Swedish skills and other capabilities are not adequate for studying in pre-primary and basic education groups.
The service is free of charge.
Instruction preparing immigrants or children with an immigrant background for basic education promotes integration, language proficiency and learning of the content areas of subjects. Potential studies of the pupil’s native language promote learning skills and reinforce cultural identity as well as lay a foundation for learning Finnish and/or Swedish.
For pupils aged 6 to 10 years, a minimum of 900 hours of this instruction is provided, and for pupils older than this, a minimum of 1,000 hours. Pupils participating in the instruction have the right to transfer to basic education even before these hours have been completed if permitted by their skills and capabilities. Municipalities organise instruction preparing immigrants for basic education on a voluntary basis.