Special transport permits and the related obligations
- Permit or other obligation
- Nationwide except the Åland Islands
- Public service
A transport that exceeds the dimension and mass limits permitted for normal traffic is a special transport. Not all special transports require a permit, however, because 'free dimension limits' apply to transport with vehicles registered in EU or EEA countries. If the special transport is within these limits and does not exceed normal mass, a special transport permit is not required.
Typical special transports include transport of undivided goods, such as machinery, elements, buildings, and large products. Special transport is possible when the undivided goods cannot be divided into several transports with reasonable cost or without the risk of damage.
There are two types of special transport permits: route permits and road network permits.
A route permit is granted for a route between the starting point and destination indicated in the application. The route is described using road numbers and the names of places and intersections. The route is only valid one-way.
A road network permit specifies pre-defined roads and/or areas and the related limitations. It also includes altitude restrictions and a list of bridges that cannot be crossed.
Permits can be issued in Finnish or in Swedish.
If the transport requires any modifications of road structures or roadside equipment, a permission must be obtained from the appropriate road keeper before the transport. Such modifications include, for example, lifting portals, detaching electrified traffic control devices and lampposts, removing railings, making changes to intersections, constructing ramps to cross traffic islands, and strengthening the road structure.
Traffic signs and traffic control installations that are not electric can be temporarily removed without the permission of the road keeper, provided that they are immediately returned to their place and the work does not require the use of machinery.
Work permit applications are sent centrally to the Pirkanmaa ELY Centre.
Do the following
You can apply for a special transport permit by sending an application for a permit or a free application to the Pirkanmaa ELY Centre. The Pirkanmaa ELY Centre grants all special transport permits in Finland, excluding the Åland Islands.
Include the phone number of the contact person in the application, because additional information about the transport is generally required. If you are renewing an old route or road network permit, it is recommended to include the number of the old permit or a copy of the old permit.
To speed up processing, the application must include information about the person the permit is granted to, the detailed place of origin and destination and the dimensions.
If the transport requires any modifications of road structures or roadside equipment, a permission must be obtained from the appropriate road keeper. Work permit applications are sent centrally to the Pirkanmaa ELY Centre.
To speed up processing, applicants can themselves obtain a permission of the road keeper for the use of the road network.
To whom and on what terms
The conditions for special transport permits are the same for everyone. The permit conditions include the key parts of the regulations and other conditions set for special transport. The permit can also include special conditions that concern notifications and police or bridge control, for example.
Detailed description of the special transport conditions is given in a separate licensing regulation.
The special transport permit is only valid for a special transport and only on the route(s) indicated in the permit. The special transport permit or its copy together with any appendices must accompany the transport.
Minor modifications can be made once to an unused permit that has not been invoiced yet.
If the transport is cancelled, the permit fee is not refunded. If the payment included a fee for a controlled bridge crossing, the control fee can be refunded, minus the processing fee.
A special transport permit can be cancelled temporarily or permanently if special transport regulations or the conditions are neglected or if the permit conditions are no longer valid.
A fee is charged for the service.
Application decisions are subject to a fee in accordance with the government decree on fee-based services.
It takes approximately four business days to issue a special transport permit. Processing can take longer, If the permit includes several routes. It takes longer to process permits for very heavy transports: they are normally processed within one week. Up-to-date information about the processing times can be found on the website of special transports. If information is missing and has to be clarified, the processing can take longer.
Period of validity
* The vehicle or combination has been registered or commissioned outside the EU and EEA: 1 week * There is a special condition: 3 months * Total mass exceeds120 tonnes: 3 months * Maximum total mass is 120 tonnes: 6 months * Axle, bogie and total weights comply with the decree on the road use of vehicles and width is not over 7 m, or if 1 permit decision includes at least 3 transport permits: 12 months * A preliminary decision: 3 months If the vehicle fulfils several conditions, the shortest validity period applies.