suomi.fi
Go directly to contents.

Work in Finland

Checklist

Remember to take care of at least these when you are coming to work in Finland.


Start looking for a job

Check whether your professional qualifications need to be recognised

If your profession is a regulated one, the Finnish authorities must recognise your degree or professional qualifications. Check the professions for which the recognition of professional qualifications is required.Opens in a new window.

Apply for a residence permit before coming to Finland

You will probably need a residence permit to work in Finland if you are not a citizen of an EU Member State, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland.

You should submit your residence permit application to the Finnish Immigration Service in your country of origin: 

  1. Select the right permit from the application guide of the Finnish Immigration ServiceOpens in a new window.
  2. Submit your residence permit application in the Enter Finland serviceOpens in a new window. when you are still in your country of origin. 
  3. You must prove your identity in person in the Finnish diplomatic missionOpens in a new window..

Your family members also need residence permits

When you apply for a residence permit for yourself, you should also apply for residence permits for your family members. If you are granted a residence permit, your family members may also get residence permits on the basis of family ties. 

Check from the website of the Finnish Immigration Service  who can be granted a residence permit on the basis of family tiesOpens in a new window..

You will need your passport or identity card and an insurance

When you travel to Finland, you will need a valid passport or identity card. 

It is a good idea to get a travel insurance that is valid for a few months after your arrival in Finland. If you have a European citizen's European Health Insurance Card, the card will also help you get treatment in Finland if the need is acute.

Obtain the travel documents and take out insurance

When you travel to Finland, you will need a valid passport.

It is a good idea to get a travel insurance that is valid for a few months after your arrival in Finland.

Check whether you need to clear your removal goods through customs

If you are moving to Finland from outside the customs and fiscal territory of the EU, you must clear your removal goods through the customs. Check whether you need to pay customs duties and taxes on your removal goods.

If you are moving to Finland from a country belonging to the customs and fiscal territory of the EU, you do not need to clear your removal goods through the customs. In most cases, you do not need to pay any customs duties or taxes on your removal goods.

There are goods that you are not allowed to bring to Finland or to which restrictions apply. Check whether you need a permit to bring any of your goods to Finland.

If you are a citizen of an EU or an EEA country you can register as a jobseeker in TE Services

If you are planning to seek work in Finland, you should register as a jobseeker in TE Services (in Finnish)Opens in a new window. as soon as you arrive in Finland. TE Services help you in job seeking and in adapting to life in Finland.

If you are a citizen of an EU Member State, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Norway or Iceland, you have the right to receive unemployment benefits from the country where you last worked. Bring the U2 form completed by the employment authorities in your country of origin to the TE Services in Finland.

If you have a residence permit and the right to work in Finland, you can register as a jobseeker in TE Services

If you are planning to seek work in Finland, you should register as a jobseeker in TE Services (in Finnish)Opens in a new window. as soon as you arrive in Finland. If you are not a citizen of an EU Member State, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Norway or Iceland, you must have a residence permit and the right to work when you register as a jobseeker.

TE Services provide you with help and support in jobseeking and in adapting to life in Finland. You must register as a jobseeker to receive unemployment benefits.

Remember these when you agree on work

  • You do not need to pay anything to the employer or the Finnish recruitment agency for getting the job.
  • It is recommended that you make a written employment contract with your employer. 
  • Make sure that the pay, working hours, length of the trial period and other terms of employment are specified in the employment contract.
  • The employment contract may not contain terms of employment that are against the law in Finland.
  • In Finland, wages are determined on the basis of sector-specific collective agreements.

You will find more specific advice in

Registering your stay in Finland

If you are staying in Finland for more than three months, you must apply for an EU registration from the Finnish Immigration Service. You must also identify yourself in person at a service location of the Finnish Immigration Service. 

  1. Make sure to book the appointmentOpens in a new window. before coming to Finland so that you can have the appointment as soon as possible after your arrival.
  2. Check the instructions and the need for attachments on the site Registration of the right of residence of a citizen of the European Union (Finnish Immigration Service).Opens in a new window.
  3. Apply for the registration in the Enter Finland serviceOpens in a new window..

Registering a family member’s stay in Finland

Your family members must register their stay or notify the authorities of their residence in Finland. 

If a member of your family 

If you are staying in Finland for less than a year, you can submit a temporary notification of move

You can submit the notification on a form, and you can complete the form at a service location of the Digital and Population Data Services Agency or at a Posti service point. You need to prove your identity when completing the form.

You can submit a temporary address change if you are a citizen of a Nordic country

If you are staying in Finland for less than six months, you do not need to notify the Finnish authorities of your stay. Your home municipality in your home country will remain your municipality of residence.

If necessary, you can submit a temporary address change to the Finnish authorities.

To do this, you must visit a service location of the Digital and Population Data Services Agency in person.

  1. Book the appointment at the Digital and Population Data Services AgencyOpens in a new window. before coming to Finland to ensure that you can get the appointment as soon as possible after arriving in Finland. 
  2. Complete the form Registration information of a foreigner. Opens in a new window.

Notify the authorities of your stay in Finland

Notify the Digital and Population Data Services Agency (local register office) that you are staying in Finland for more than six months. To do this, you must visit a service location of the Digital and Population Data Services Agency in person.

  1. Book the appointment at the Digital and Population Data Services AgencyOpens in a new window. before coming to Finland to ensure that you can get the appointment as soon as possible after arriving in Finland. 
  2. Complete the form Registration information of a foreignerOpens in a new window.

Notify the authorities of your stay in Finland and apply for a municipality of residence

Notify the Digital and Population Data Services Agency (local register office) of your stay in Finland. To do this, you must visit a service location of the Digital and Population Data Services Agency in person. On the same visit, you can also get a municipality of residence in Finland if you meet the necessary requirements. 

  1. Book the appointment at the Digital and Population Data Services AgencyOpens in a new window. before coming to Finland to ensure that you can get the appointment as soon as possible after arriving in Finland. 
  2. Complete the form Registration information of a foreigner.Opens in a new window.

Apply for a municipality of residence in Finland

If you are planning to stay in Finland for at least one year, you can apply for a municipality of residence from the Digital and Population Data Services Agency.

You must have a municipality of residence if you want to use public health and other similar services in Finland.

  1. Book the appointment at the Digital and Population Data Services AgencyOpens in a new window. before coming to Finland to ensure that you can get the appointment as soon as possible after arriving in Finland. 
  2. Complete the form Registration information of a foreigner.Opens in a new window. 

Register your family relationships

If your children or spouse are also moving to Finland, the Digital and Population Data Services Agency will register your family relationships. If possible, book an appointment for the whole family so that you can submit the applications for all family members on the same visit.

  1. Book the appointment at the Digital and Population Data Services AgencyOpens in a new window. before coming to Finland to ensure that you can get the appointment as soon as possible after arriving in Finland. 
  2. Complete for all the form Registration information of a foreigner.Opens in a new window.

Your spouse should register as a jobseeker in TE Services, if they are planning to seek work

If your spouse is planning to seek work in Finland, they should register as a jobseeker in TE Services (in Finnish)Opens in a new window. as soon as they arrive in Finland. If your spouse is not a citizen of an EU or an EEA country or Switzerland, they must obtain a residence permit and the right to work before registering as a jobseeker.

TE Services provide your spouse with help and support in jobseeking and in adapting to life in Finland. Your spouse must register as a jobseeker to receive unemployment benefits.

A short stay in Finland affects taxation

If you stay in Finland for a maximum of 6 months, you are a person with limited tax liability. This means that you will only pay the necessary taxes from income you receive from Finland.  

Taxation is also affected by whether a permanent place of business in Finland is formed. 

Staying no more than 6 months in Finland – here’s how you can take care of your taxes.Opens in a new window.

As a rule, you pay tax in Finland on all of your company's income

If you stay in Finland for more than 6 months, you are generally liable to pay taxes. This means that you will pay the necessary taxes in Finland from all income you receive. An exception to this are tax agreements between some countries.  

Taxation is also affected by whether a permanent place of business in Finland is formed.

Staying longer than 6 months in Finland – here’s how you can take care of your taxes.Opens in a new window.

Where do I pay taxes as a posted worker if my stay in Finland is less than 6 months?

You do not usually pay taxes to Finland when

  • you are a posted worker
  • you stay in Finland for less than 6 months.

There are a few exceptions. Read more about paying taxes to Finland on the Finnish Tax Administration’s website.Opens in a new window.

Where do I pay taxes when my stay in Finland is over 6 months and I have a foreign employer?

If you live in Finland for more than six months, you will in most cases pay tax to Finland on all your income. In certain cases, you may also have to pay social insurance contributions to Finland. The contributions will be deducted directly from your salary. Apply for a tax card before payment of salary.

Read more:

A short stay in Finland affects taxation

When you stay in Finland for a maximum of 6 months, you are a person with limited tax liability. This means that you will usually have to pay tax at source from income you receive from Finland. Tax at source is usually 35%. 

Apply for a tax-at-source card and give it to your employer. 

Additional information and instructions on how to pay taxes.Opens in a new window.

You need to pay taxes to Finland when you are staying in the country for more than six months

When you stay in Finland for more than 6 months, you are generally liable to pay taxes. This means that you will usually have to pay tax to Finland from all your income.

The tax rate for your salary is progressively determined on the basis of your income for the entire year. You will need a Finnish personal identity code and a tax card. 

Staying longer – your tax rate depends on your incomeOpens in a new window..

You need a tax number to work at a construction site or a shipyard

You need a tax number if you are coming to Finland to work at a construction site or a shipyard.

Read more about obtaining a tax number on the website of the Finnish Tax Administration.Opens in a new window.

Remember the following when looking for a rental flat

  • Rental housing is provided by municipalities , private housing agencies and private persons.
  • You should always make the tenancy agreement in writing.
  • Your citizenship cannot be used as a basis for not renting you a flat.
  • The landlord may require that you have a Finnish personal identity code.
  • Many landlords also check your credit information. 
  • Most landlords require a security deposit.

Open a Finnish bank account, telephone connection and internet connection

You can usually open a bank account if you have a Finnish personal identity code and an official identity document such as a passport. When opening the account, you will also receive online banking codes with which you can identify yourself in online services. In some of the online services you can also identify yourself also with the identification methods of foreigners.

You need a Finnish personal identity code to get a personal telephone and internet connection. Buy a prepaid connection if you still do not have a personal identity code.

Check whether you are eligible for social benefits

Kela provides benefits for many different life events. Benefits are paid to families with children, unemployed persons, people on a low income, students, people suffering from an illness and pensioners.

Read more about social benefits on Kela’s website.Opens in a new window.

Apply for a place in early childhood education and care (for children under six)

If your child needs a daycare place, you can apply for a place for your child in early childhood education and care. Early childhood education and care is provided by municipalities and private service providers.

If you have children aged between 6 and 15, you must enrol them in pre-primary or basic education

Enrol

  • your children in pre-primary education (if they are aged six)
  • in basic education (if they are aged between 7 and 15).

Compulsory education applies to all children living permanently in Finland and it ends at the age of 18. The children’s municipality of residence provides them with free education. Before starting basic education, immigrant children can take part in instruction preparing them for basic education to learn such skills as Finnish or Swedish.

If you have children over 15, help them to find a study place

Check the opportunities for general upper secondary or vocational education available in your area for young persons who have completed basic education. Your children may also apply to preparatory education for programmes leading to upper secondary qualification. Compulsory education ends when they reaches the age of 18 or when they complete an upper secondary qualification.

Your children can use the joint application system in StudyinfoOpens in a new window. to apply for a study place after completing basic education.

You can seek outside help if you have problems with your employer

If you have problems with your employment relationship, every effort should be made to sort them out at the workplace. Discuss the problems with your supervisor. 

If you do not want to do that or if doing that would not be helpful, you can turn to

If you suspect a crime, ask for advice from Victim Support FinlandOpens in a new window..

Are you satisfied with the content on this page?