School and student health care doctor
- Public service
School and student health care doctors (hereinafter referred to as school doctors) operate at schools in order to ensure the health, well-being and good future of children and young people. In order to identify problems in time, the school nurse and the school doctor carry out periodic health examinations. In addition to this, the doctor helps investigate problems that impact a child or young person's ability to study. The school doctor is part of student welfare and available for consultation to other professionals. School doctors follow applicable legislation, regulations and the City of Helsinki' strategy in their work.
The comprehensive school pupils, secondary school pupils and students of universities of applied sciences of Helsinki are served by 25 full-time school doctors. The doctors employed at health stations do not participate in school health care. Illnesses are primarily treated at health stations.
Emergency medical services in case of acute illnesses are not part of a school doctor's duties.
Acts and regulations governing the work of school doctors
- Health Care Act, Government Decree on Maternity and Child Health Work, School and Student Health Care and the Pre-emptive Oral Health Care of Children and Young People 338/2011
- Pupil and student Welfare Act
- Act on the Status and Rights of Patients
- Child Welfare Act
- Communicable Diseases Act
- Unsuitability legislation
The duties of school doctors include
1. health examinations, which include a) extensive health examinations b) student health care call-up and other examinations c) health examinations based on individual needs
2. follow-up appointments
4. multidisciplinary negotiations
5. other tasks: emergency first-aid, expert tasks
The service is provided in Finnish and Swedish, and in some schools also in Russian, German, French and English.
To whom and on what terms
Every pupil is entitled to pupil welfare services.
The service is free of charge.
The pupils in pre-primary and basic education are entitled to pupil welfare services. It means looking after the pupils’ physical, psychological and social well-being. Pupil welfare services promote the pupils’ balanced growth and development and ensure everyone’s equal possibilities for learning. The objective of pupil welfare is to notice and intervene in the pupils’ problems as early as possible.
Pupil welfare services include the school health service and the activities of a school social worker and a school psychologist. The teachers and all other school staff members also participate in pupil welfare.
A pupil welfare group operates in all schools, led by the representative nominated by the education organizer. The group’s task is to plan, implement and develop pupil welfare in the school community so that all children can have a healthy, safe and accessible school environment.