- Public service
Parents can choose to place their children in municipal or private daycare, in family daycare or in playgroup club activities. Parents should apply for daycare four months prior to the need for care.
The Department of Early Education and Care is responsible for Finnish-language daycare and preschool education. Swedish-language daycare is provided by the Education Department.
Do the following
The parents must apply for a place at a day-care centre at the latest four months before they wish to place the child in day care.
To whom and on what terms
Care may be given to a child who has not reached the age of compulsory education.
Day care may also be given to a child who has already reached the age of compulsory education, if special circumstances so require and care cannot be otherwise arranged.
A fee is charged for the service.
The amount of the payment depends on the number of children in the family, the family’s income and the number of hours a day the children spend in care.
Children aged under 7 may receive day care organised by the municipality. In practice, day care is organised by individual municipalities or groups of municipalities, private operators, NGOs or other organisations to which the municipality outsources the service.
The objective of early childhood education and care is to support the child’s growth, development and learning and promote his or her well-being. An early childhood education plan is prepared for each child in care provided at a day-care centre.
Municipal day care may be full time or part time care. Municipalities may limit the care time of a child in early childhood education to 20 hours a week, if one of the child’s parents is staying at home due to unemployment.