Data Protection in a Nutshell
- Public service
Data protection refers to means taken to protect data subjects’ personal data, so that the data is not used in violation to laws and instructions.
The goal with data protection is to protect personal data, thus safeguarding the person’s privacy and confidentiality. The Data Protection Regulation is applied when processing personal data both within the public sector and the private sector. The objective with the regulation is to ensure that people’s rights to personal data protection, and consequently to privacy, is carried out also during the digital age. The national Finnish Data Protection Law completes and clarifies the regulations stated in the GDPR.
In principle, personal data is any kind of information that can be used to identify a person directly or indirectly.
According to the European Union General Data Protection Regulation, personal data is information that relates to an identified or identifiable individual. An identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person. In other words, in addition to a person’s name, address and personal identification number, also any other data that can be used to identify the person, such as IP addresses, credit card numbers, telephone numbers, property parcel numbers, car registration numbers and photographs, are classed as personal data.
The Privacy Statement is a document disclosing the identity of the data controller responsible for processing of personal data. It also states the contents of the register and for which purposes the data is used, lists any regular disclosures of data to other parties, and states the principles for processing of the data.
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In issues concerning data protection, contact the data protection officer for help.