Registering as a jobseeker
Unemployment benefits are paid by your unemployment fund or Kela.
You can register as a jobseeker at any time, even if you are still employed.
When you are unemployed, you must register as a jobseeker at the latest on your first day of unemployment. You can also register later at any time, but you cannot receive unemployment benefits from the time before your registration.
No, you need not register as a jobseeker, if you do not want to receive unemployment benefits.
If you want to receive unemployment benefits for the duration of your unemployment either from Kela or an unemployment fund you must register with the TE Office as an unemployed jobseeker and search for full-time work.
If you apply for basic social assistance from Kela, Kela may require you to register as a jobseeker with the TE Office, and to apply for a full-time job and unemployment benefits. The unemployment benefit is the primary income support, which means that Kela may ask you to find out whether you are eligible to the unemployment benefit.
Do the following:
1. Identify yourself with the My e-Services of the TE services and register as a jobseeker in the service.
If you are a citizen of Finland, and you inform that your situation will not change within 3 months, you must also prepare:
2. a service needs assessment and
3. an employment plan.
If you fail to draw up a service needs assessment and an employment plan within the set time, your job search may be discontinued.
If you are unable to register online, you may also register as a jobseeker in person at a TE Office. You need to prove your identity at the TE Office.
You may also register by telephone if you have previously registered as a jobseeker at the TE Office.
The TE Office may request a copy of your job or study certificates.
Please note that the TE Office does not submit any documents you have sent to the TE Office to your unemployment fund or Kela. Prepare to also submit copies of the same documents later to your fund or Kela.
The TE Office does not pay unemployment benefits, it only gives a labour policy statement on whether you can receive unemployment benefits.
You must apply for unemployment benefits separately from the payer.
- If you are a member of an unemployment fund, apply for unemployment benefits from your unemployment fund.
- If you are not a member of an unemployment fund, apply for unemployment benefits from Kela.
If your child is in a municipal day-care, you must notify the day-care centre or family day-care provider of your change in employment status. If you receive the earnings-related supplement to home care or private care allowance, notify Kela that you are now unemployed.
Otherwise, you will be under no obligation to notify anyone else of your unemployment. However, making your status known might be sensible from the perspective of your financial management.
- If you have a home loan or other debt, you can usually negotiate instalment free months or other arrangements on the basis of unemployment.
- If you are liable to pay child support, it may be possible for you to be exempt from payments on the basis of the drop in your income during unemployment. Ask about this from Kela.
- As a result of the drop in your income, you may be eligible for a housing allowance. This support is granted by Kela.
- If your 17-19-year-old child lives with you and is currently studying, the change in your income may increase your child's student financial aid. Your child should notify Kela of the change in your income.
- If you are a member of a trade union, you can be exempt from paying your membership fee or get a discount on your membership fee on the basis of unemployment.