Occupational health care
An employer must arrange an occupational health service to prevent health hazards arising from the work, and to safeguard and promote the safety, working capacity and health of employees. Everyone engaged in work, whether as an employee or otherwise, is covered by preventative occupational health care and by occupational health care that maintains working capacity. Preventative occupational health care may include a pre-employment examination and periodic examinations. Statutory health examinations are also arranged in positions that involve a particular risk of illness.
The occupational health service may be arranged at an in-house health centre, or purchased from a private or local authority service provider.
An occupational health service will investigate health hazards at the workplace, conduct health inspections, advise the employer and staff of health risks associated with the work, and propose practical measures to improve health and safety at work.
The occupational health service may also include treatment for illness.