Institutional care for older persons
In Finland, the aim is to help all older people to go on living at home for as long as they can. Care at an institution is only considered when other ways are no longer enough to meet the older person’s needs for care and attention. Institutional care for older people is either short-term rehabilitating care or long-term care.
Short-term institutional care aims to help the older person to cope at home and/or to support a family member who cares for the older person. This is called respite care. The purpose of short-term institutional care is to prevent the need for permanent institutional care.
Long-term care at an institution is intended for those older people who need a lot of care and whose care cannot be organised safely in any other way. The decision is made on medical grounds. Older people in long-term care usually have several illnesses, and they need nursing and help from more than one carer at a time in their daily lives. In institutional care, all older persons have a primary carer, who also keeps in touch with their families.
In short-term institutional care, a fee is usually charged for each day spent in care. The fee for long-term institutional care is based on how much the person can pay.