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Guardianship arrangements

A person may require a guardian to represent their interests in situations where serious illness or old age have made them less competent to oversee their own interests or attend to their business. 

A guardian is appointed by the Digital and Population Data Services Agency or a court.  A guardian is frequently the client`s grown-up child, spouse or some other close relative. A guardian can also be a public guardian

A guardian who manages a client’s property must keep accounts of the client’s assets, debts and transactions during each financial year.  A guardian who has been appointed to other than property keeping tasks must keep accounts of the actions that he or she has undertaken in his or her guardian task.

A person overseeing the interests of another person may receive compensation for their expenses and reasonable remuneration.

A person may also appoint someone in advance to act as their guardian who attend to their business if they later become unable to do this themselves. This mandate takes effect when the Digital and Population Data Services Agency has confirmed it. The delegate can ask the Digital and Population Data Services Agency to confirm it when the assignor has become incompetent to attend his or her business.

The Digital and Population Data Services Agency provides guidance in how to make guardianship arrangements

The Digital and Population Data Services Agency acts as the guardianship authority and supervises those appointed to represent the interests of others. The Digital and Population Data Services Agency can, if necessary, disclose the identity of the person representing the interests of a certain person. The Digital and Population Data Services Agency staff are obliged to keep private matters confidential. The Digital and Population Data Services Agency can also be notified that a person may need a guardian in the sense described here.

The District Court can release a guardian who is not fit for the task from his or her responsibilities.


Text edited by: Suomi.fi editorial team
Updated: 4/14/2020