Naming your child
Parents must notify the Population Information System of their child’s name within three months of the child’s birth. The name of the child must be in accordance with the Act on First Names and Surnames.
You should give notification of your child’s surname/compound surname and first names on a form within three months of the child’s birth. Note that you child can have a maximum of four first names. You will receive the notification form from the Digital and Population Data Services Agency soon after the birth of the child.
If the child is baptised as a member of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland or the Orthodox Church of Finland, you can send the completed form to your parish, which will enter the name into the Population Information System.
If the child is not baptised as a member of the Church, you should send the completed form to the Digital and Population Data Services Agency.
Your child can have between one and four first names. Two names connected with a hyphen are considered a single first name.
You cannot give your child a first name or a combination of first names that may cause harm to the child. The first name must also be in accordance with the well-established name practice. Girls must be given girls’ names and boys must be given boys’ names. Gender-neutral first names can be given to anyone.
The Digital and Population Data Services Agency or your parish will check whether the names that you are proposing for your child are in accordance with the law. If the parish has doubts about the legality of the name, it will ask the Digital and Population Data Services Agency to decide on the matter.
Go to the name service of the Digital and Population Data Services Agency to check the popularity of specific first names in Finland.
If you and your spouse have a common surname or a common compound surname, it will also become the surname of your common child. If the child has only one parent, the parent’s surname will also become the surname of the child.
If the parents have different surnames but the child’s elder sibling is their common child, the surname of the elder sibling also becomes the surname of the younger sibling.
When parents getting their first common child have different surnames, they can choose the child’s surname from the following options:
- Surname of one of the parents.
- One name in the compound surname of one of the parents.
- A new compound surname based on the parents’ surnames.
In adoption, the child gets their surname from the adoptive parents on the same basis as a child gets their surname from the biological parents. However, an adopted child may also keep their previous surname as such or as part of a compound surname.
If a child adopted from a foreign country does not have a first name when arriving to Finland, the parents must notify the Digital and Population Data Services Agency of the first name/first names selected for the child within six months of the date on which the child is entered into the Finnish Population Information System.
Parents of newborn children born in Finland need not take any measures to obtain a personal identity code for the child. The hospital provides the necessary details of all births to the national Population Information System, and when the child’s birth is registered, a personal identity code is issued for him or her.
For a Finnish citizen born abroad, a personal identity code is issued when the Digital and Population Data Services Agency, by request of the parents, registers the child in the Population Information System. It is enough that one of the parents is a citizen of Finland. Registration will require supplying a legal birth certificate and, where necessary, other official information. No personal visit to a service location of the Digital and Population Data Services Agency is required, as a request for registration can be submitted to a Finnish foreign mission or be posted directly to the Digital and Population Data Services Agency.
Depending on the situation, a child can be granted citizenship directly pursuant to the law or a declaration of citizenship can be submitted to the Finnish Immigration Service. Submitting a declaration of citizenship does not require a personal visit to the Finnish Immigration Service.