Help for arranging informal care
You can receive support such as help with household duties, special aids, and meal, bathing and transport services as well as assistance for home alteration work.
The person you care for can receive services at home or use the services outside the home. The informal carer does not need to be personally responsible for everything. Instead, the carer can receive help with household duties as well as meal, bathing and transport services. You must apply for these services, and the municipality will make the decisions on them.
The care recipient may also have the right to a personal assistant in addition to the informal carer. You may be given special aids at home and the care recipient may also receive care outside the home during day time and on a short-term basis.
If necessary, home nursing, advanced home care or end-of-life care may also be provided to the care recipient at home. The municipality must ensure that appropriate care is given to the care recipient during the informal carer's statutory leaves.
You can manage the finances of your loved one with an authorisation granted by the person. If the person is unable to grant an authorisation or cannot understand what this means, the Digital and Population Data Services Agency or district court can appoint a guardian to the person based on an application. The informal carer or some other family member, trusted friend or a local government officer may serve as the guardian.
If the care recipient personally estimates that they will be unable to take care of their finances in the future, they can draw up an authorisation for guardianship. With this document, the care recipient makes arrangements in advance on who will take care of their finances and other matters once the person is no longer capable of managing them on their own. The authorisation for guardianship will enter into force only when necessary and based on a confirmation by the Digital and Population Data Services Agency.
The municipality can support alteration work to the residence of a severely disabled person. Doors can be made wider, ramps can be installed, and doorsteps can be removed.
You should submit an application with your municipality’s services for the disabled unit before starting any alteration work. In this way, you will know in advance whether you are entitled to support. You can apply for support during the six months after costs of alteration work have been incurred.
The application must include a statement by a physical or occupational therapist and a cost projection prepared by a construction company or a master builder working for the municipality. The municipality may also ask you to submit other reports.
For alteration work at the home of a disabled or over 65-year-old person, you can apply for a renovation subsidy from the Housing Finance and Development Centre of Finland (ARA). You can also receive assistance to necessary alteration work in a kitchen or bathroom, for instance. Your income and assets affect the ARA subsidy.
If the person you care for has reduced mobility due to disability or old age, it is advisable that you apply for a disabled parking permit for the person. The permit entitles its holder to park in a disabled parking space. The permit can also be issued when a family member is driving the vehicle. The permit is personal and it can be used in different vehicles.
The application for the permit is submitted to the new Finnish Transport and Communications Agency Traficom. You can apply for exemption from the basic tax component of vehicle tax in connection with your application.
Yes, you can. If you need time off work for caring for a family member or some other loved one, you must first discuss the matter with your employer. While you are not automatically entitled to a leave, under the valid legislation, your employer must try to make arrangements for a leave for a fixed period. Agree on the length of your leave with your employer. If necessary, the municipality's social welfare services or health centre can write a statement for your employer regarding why you need time off work.
Your family members are considered to include people living in your household, your parents, your adult children, and the close relatives of your spouse. You will not be paid salary during your absence from work.