Wild plants and animals
Finland’s natural resources include rich flora and fauna. You should not disturb wild animals when staying in summer cottages and when out in nature. If you encounter an animal that is sick or otherwise in a vulnerable state, you should try to help it.
Wild plant and animal species are protected in order to retain the vitality of their native and established populations. A species is considered endangered if its natural survival in Finland is in danger. Endangered species can be protected.
About six hundred alien species have become established in Finland, some of which are a threat to diversity. Of the alien invasive species, 157 are known to have adverse impacts on our environment. For example, the spread of giant hogweeds and lupins leads to the suffocation of native plants.
The Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) monitors the state of the Baltic Sea and produces a wide range of environmental data about a number of things including its plants, animals and micro-organisms. The Baltic Sea has been designated as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA), due to which maritime traffic can be required to comply with stricter safety regulations.
There are websites providing information on wildlife in Finland. For example, Webkasvio describes plants, mosses and lichens that occur in Finland and where to find them. The Finnish Broadcasting Company has a national sound gallery where visitors can learn about Finnish birdlife, and the website of the Federation of Finnish Fisheries Associations has information on the commonest fish species to be found in the country.
All of Finland
- Provincial birds of Finland link
Yle-gallery shows Finnish provincial birds and their singing. In Finnish.
Finnish Broadcasting Company YLE
- Finnish fish species link
Eatable Finnish fishes. In finnish
Federation of Finnish Fisheries Associations
- Permit application for the importation of an animal of foreign origin form
It is prohibited to import or release to the wild bird or mammal species of foreign origin as well as game animal strains or foreign origin without the permit of the Finnish Wildlife Agency. A statement on the permit application will be requested from ...
Finnish Wildlife Agency