Natural resources can be divided into renewable and non-renewable resources. If they are used and cared for in a sustainable manner, they will remain diverse and be sufficient for future generations.
Forests and water bodies are two important natural resources. Surface waters in Finland, including the Baltic Sea, the lakes and the rivers, are vulnerable because they are shallow. Groundwaters are important for domestic use and are consequently protected from pollution.
The forests are renewable. Their controlled use preserves the diversity of commercial forests and ensures wood growth.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry directs the policy for the sustainable use of renewable natural resources. Metsähallitus takes care of land and water areas owned by the government and its primary tasks are customer and environment centred forestry and nature conservation.
Many different wild species of fish, game, berries and mushrooms exist in Finland. Wild plants and animals are protected if human activities or alien species threaten the survival of their populations.
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