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Legal proceedings and criminal cases by keyword right to justice

Courts are independent and bound only by the law currently in force. They are tasked with settling civil and criminal cases. The independent status of courts is stated in the Constitution. Outside parties cannot and are not allowed to interfere with decisions the courts make.

In Finland, there are 27 District Courts, 5 Courts of Appeals and 6 Administrative Courts. Some special fields have their own courts. A decision made by a lower court may usually be brought before a higher court for deliberation.

Courts do not give advice on pleading. Private law firms or public Legal Aid Offices can help in such issues.

Offences should be reported to the police. The police will begin a criminal investigation if there is reason to suspect that a crime has been committed. Not all offences reported to the police lead to criminal investigation. The prosecutor determines whether to bring charges based on the preliminary investigation.

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Page updated on 15.10.2014

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Suomi.fi editorial team | State Treasury